The Elements of a Good IME Report

The context in which an IME report arises is important, but our main question will always be: “How do we determine if the report is good once we finally have it?”  At the outset, it must be noted that whether the report is favorable or not is of course significant to the reader, but favorability in and of itself does not reflect the report’s quality.  Put simply, reason is indifferent to results.  If the report is well-reasoned and well-supported, regardless of the favorability of the opinion, it is a good report.


When evaluating an IME report, consistency matters.  Inconsistent reports are not credible and they also make it difficult for the reader to figure out what, if anything, must be conceded on the claim. Opinions should be consistent throughout the report with respect to causation, end of healing/maximum medical improvement, relatedness of and necessity for treatment, and work restrictions, among other things.  To maximize the likelihood of receiving a consistent report, the specific questions asked of the expert matter.  A report is more likely to be consistent if each issue to be resolved is only asked about once.  Asking about causation in more than one question risks getting inconsistent answers.  Regardless though, one should expect to receive a report from an expert that is consistent with respect to all of the issues about which the expert is asked.  Hence, the general discussion section should have the exact same end of healing date as the answer to the specific question about end of healing.  Fortunately, inconsistency is easy to fix since it usually just involves the expert picking one of two positions and applying it uniformly.

Logic is important to IME reports.  A report in which the expert’s conclusions do not flow from the evidence will not be deemed credible.  It should also be noted that whether a conclusion flows logically from the evidence is not the same as the likelihood that the expert would come to that specific conclusion.  A conclusion may flow logically from the evidence despite the reader’s opinion that the expert was more likely to reach a different conclusion.  The reader should not be upset if the expert reaches a logically consistent and well-supported conclusion even if it is somewhat unexpected.  A favorable conclusion that is not supported by the evidence makes a good result a bad one because the conclusion will not be credible.

In conclusion, consistency and logic are imperative to well-supported opinions that make for a credible IME report.  The IME vendor can help in this regard by providing thorough reviews of reports and catching both the obvious and the obscure.

Do you have particular doctors that make problems for logic and consistency?  What do you do to fix the problem?

Back to Blog
Recent Posts